Growing roses is something which everyone should do at some point of their life. Many people are reluctant to the idea, because they think it’s difficult, time consuming and completely unpredictable. And they are partially right, because unless you research the topic thoroughly and you find out all the specifics when it comes to growing a particular type of roses, you will fail time and time again. Of course, the different kinds of roses require different types of care. The single-growing roses require the most care, while there are a few types of roses which grow in shrubs, and they are a lot easier to maintain. Here are some tips on how to grow the perfect roses, which you might find useful.
Step 1Pick your kind of roses. Before you go to the store, you should do some research to find out which roses are most suitable for your garden and your lifestyle. Because roses really divide into 2 general groups for me – roses which almost grow themselves, and picky roses which require you to watch over them day and night. If you're into easy gardening without much effort, you should look into groundcover or landscape roses, which grow with multiple stems and into bushes. They produce lots of small, but colourful flowers, and over an extended period of time. This means that you will have blooming rose shrubs the entire summer and at least half the fall. These are the so known rose shrubs. Another types which grow with minimal care and time are the so called Old English, antique and David Austin. They also give larger flowers and are more fragrant.
Step 2Choose the right site. All roses grow best in full sun. Which, according to expert landscapers, means that you'll have to plant them in a location which gets at least 7-8 hours of direct sun a day. The soil should be rich, loose and well drained. Roses never grow in soggy spots and clay. If the soil in your garden is poor in nutrients, you should get a bucket of compost and work it into the loosened soil around each plant after planting it. It's also a good idea to keep the soil damp on a regular basis during the first season, in order to help the roots to grow into the ground.
Step 3Watering. If you want to get the most out of your rose plants and keep them in a good shape, it's recommended to soak the ground with water once or twice a week during hot and dry weather. Roses are usually very drought-resistant, but if you don't water them, you will see a lot less flowers. You should also consider placing a thick layer of mulch around the plants – at least 5cm. This will help keep the soil moist for longer and the weeds won't grow so much. The natural mulches made from tree bark or pine needles are the best ones in this case.
Step 4Feed your roses. Roses require lots of nutrients over an extended period in order to grow. This is why it's recommended by professionals to spread some fertiliser in the soil from time to time. It's best to apply the fertiliser when the first leaves appear in the beginning of the season, and once more just before the fall gets a little colder. Off-season fertilising is not recommended.
Step 5Trim them accordingly. You should cut off flowers which have already bloomed and are dying. It's not fatal if you don't, but if you do, you will help your roses grow better and you will encourage more flower buds to form, which means more flowers. Pruning which aims to control the size and shape of the shrubs should be performed in the end of winter or before the buds on the stems start forming leafs. This is the time when you can be more decisive without worrying about the plant's well being.